Indonesia: whereabouts and general information

Indonesia is a country situated in the Southeast Asia. Four fifths of the area is sea. It consists of 17.508 islands.

The major islands are: Sumatera, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Papua. The capital city is Jakarta. The population of Indonesia is over 200 million people, that makes it the forth most populated country. It borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, Malaysia and neighbors also with Philippines, Australia and Singapore. Indonesia got its name from the Latin word ‘’Indus’’ which means India and the Greek word ‘’Nesos’’ meaning island.

Indonesia map

 

Flora and Fauna of Indonesia: a unique biodiversity

 

The flora and fauna of Indonesia is a mixture of Asian and Australian species. Forests cover almost 60% of the country.  When getting in Indonesia you will smell the beautiful odors of the different kind of flowers. Jasmine, water lily, magnolia and orchids are some of the species that you will find in the offerings to the Gods, at the temples and at the gardens. Moreover there are many kinds of coconut trees and bamboos. As for fauna Indonesia has to offer large variety of Asian species like tigers, elephants, rhinoceros’, orangutans and over 600 kinds of birds. Of course not forget to mention the rich sea and coastal ecosystems with colorful coral fish and coral reefs.

 

Indonesian History

Indonesia is a democratic republic. It is divided into 32 provinces and four geographical groups.

  • The first is Greater Sundas consisting of Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan and Sulawesi.
  • The second is called Lesser Sundas and includes Bali until Timor.
  • The third group, Maluku, is the islands between Irian Jaya and Sulawesi
  • and the forth is lrian Jaya the eastern part of the country.

Indonesia was a Dutch colony until World War II. President Sukarno was Indonesia’s founding President. However Major General Suharto’s New Order administration led to the major economical growth, encouraging foreign investments in Indonesia.

The East Asian Financial Crisis hit Indonesia though something that led to Suharto’s resignation.